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The basics of landscaping

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ATLANTA -

Pike Nurseries' Melodie McDanal stopped by Good Day Atlanta on Friday and offered some basic principles of landscaping.

Landscape Design Basics

  • Designing a landscape is similar to decorating your home
    • Think about things like color, texture and functionality
  • Choose a foundation "piece you love" and build from it
    • In the home, people may do this with a sofa they love or maybe a family heirloom like a wardrobe
    • Your landscape may already have the "piece you love," like a mature tree or even a row of hydrangeas
    • If you don't have anything you love in your current landscape, start by choosing something you love at the garden nursery
    • Once you have that foundation piece, start to build your landscape around it
  • Design In Layers
    • Layer 1 – Tall
      • The tallest element, most likely a tree, should be in the back of the landscape or used as a focal element
      • Your tall plants or trees can serve a purpose – ask yourself these questions:
        • Do they need to be tall enough to create a green screen?
        • Do they need to act as a wide block?
        • Do they need to provide shade?
  • Layer 2 – Medium Height
    • This is where the bulk of shrubs fall into place
    • Make sure you are varying evergreen shrubs that will have foliage all year with deciduous shrubs that drop their leaves in winter
  • Layer 3 – Medium to Low Height
    • This is typically low-growing shrubs or perennials like heuchera and hostas
  • Layer 4 – Low Height
    • This is the layer where annual color typically gets planted and usually where you can add a seasonal punch of color
      • Fall/Winter
        • Asters, Pansies, Violas, Ornamental Cabbage & Kale
        • Spring/Summer
          • Petunias, Marigolds, coleus
  • Design in Repetition
    • Just like in your home, you want to create some repetition in your design
    • Repeat Colors
      • Create a good design by repeating colors
        • For example, pair a pink blooming azalea with a hellebores variety that is cream and has pink speckles in the flower's throat
        • It doesn't have to be completely matchy-matchy but you want to repeat some colors for cohesiveness
  • Repeat Patterns & Textures
    • Most people don't think about a plant's pattern but each plant has a unique leaf shape and structure
    • For example, camellias and magnolias both have large, waxy leaves so if you add in another plant with a smaller variegated leaf, the entire arrangement will pop
  • Landscape Design Services
    • If you're not ready to channel your landscape design talents just yet, Pike Nurseries can help:
      • If you're working on a small area or adding to an existing landscape, bring in a photo and our associates can help you choose the right plants
      • If you are looking to redo a larger area or even your whole landscape, Pike Nurseries offers landscape installation and design services

Click here for more information.

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